in a form of blaming the victim, argued dependency writers. Charismatic Leadership : A Charismatic leader is in a better position to impress upon the people to adopt modern beliefs, values, practices and behaviour patterns. Sachs argues that these billion people are effectively trapped in a cycle of deprivation and require targeted aid injections from the west in order to develop. Talcott Parsons (1964) was especially critical of the traditional values of underdeveloped countries he believed that they were too attached to traditional customs, rituals, practices and institutions, which Parsons argued were the enemy of progress. The mass media are also effective in spreading modern values. For example, ploughs pulled by oxen are replaced by tractors driven by hired hands. Modernization Concept Meaning And Relevance Sociology Essay. Lower infant mortality rate, basant panchami essay in sanskrit decreased death from starvation, eradication of some of the fatal diseases, equal treatment of people with different backgrounds and incomes, and.
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Globalization, the end of the Cold War, ethnic conflicts, and the proliferation of information technologies are some reasons to adopt a new vision to navigate social development. Parsons argued that traditional values in Africa, Asia and Latin America acted as barriers to development which included, particularism, where people are allocated into roles based on their affective or familial relationship to those already in positions power. This does not mean that everywhere it should reveal the same pattern. Late industrializers required the state to promote economic development and could tolerate less labor unrest and popular participation. 3, The Second Great Expansion of the Capitalist World-Economy, 17301840s. All societies have tradition, but what we describe as traditional societies refers to a specific historical phase of social and cultural development.
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