think it worthwhile to set out some of the grounds for. I think that, in this paragraph, Russell correctly identifies some of the ingredients of a meaningful life. While Russell's list here is a bit thin-alongside the noble, the beautiful, and the gentle, one would surely wish to place more emphasis on, among other things, love, friendship, familial relationships, and the like-no one should wish to deny that one ought to care for. Personal: to care for what is noble, for what is beautiful, for what is gentle: to allow moments of insight to give wisdom at more mundane times. Thus Russell implicitly commits himself to the claim that if there are no good arguments for belief in God, then one ought not to believe in God. Integrity is a most important point. So, for example, in order to bring about the distribution of mental properties that there is in our universe, a (hypothetical!) universe-builder would need to do nothing more than fix an appropriate distribution of natural-physical, chemical, biological-properties across an appropriately natural frame.
Atheism: A Philosophical Justification. Russell's case against belief in God proceeds entirely by way of consideration of arguments that might be advanced on behalf of that belief. If there is anything contingent in the world, then there is brute-i.e., inexplicable-contingency in the world.
Note that this view does not require that it is possible, even in principle, for cognitive agents to figure out a priori what the supervenient properties in a given region are, given only a specification of the distribution of natural properties in some other appropriately. What separates us from God is sin.
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Every person has his own reasons for his beliefs or lack thereof. No matter how good we think we are, we are all guilty of sin (1 John 1:10). Comedians and celebrities can repeat them ad nauseam, but that doesnt make them true. However, it seems to me that, on the supposition that the concept of cause has proper application to the world, it is more likely that there are events and occurrences that simply lack causes than that the world has a "Russian doll" causal structure. If the practical effects of a belief system matter in a culture, then they also matter in ones personal life. Why I Am Not a Hindu, a 1996 book in a similar vein by Kancha Ilaiah, an activist opposed to the Indian caste system. Indeed, I suspect that many Christians actually agree with me on this point, insofar as short essay on alcohol they claim that much of what is involved in Christian belief (as I understand it) is only known on the basis of something like personal revelation. There are obvious differences between the kind of vision of the meaningful life that I would endorse, and the typical kind of vision of the meaningful life that is endorsed by Christians. So He offers three lines of evidence as reasons to trust Him: human testimony, observations, and written records (John 5:3047). The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, which I read with great interest.