while incarcerated, Mandela was able to earn a Bachelor of Law degree through a University of London correspondence program. In 1961, Mandela co-founded Umkhonto we Sizwe, also known as MK, an armed offshoot of the ANC dedicated to sabotage and use guerilla war tactics to end apartheid. On e was transferred. Henleys Invictus: It matters not how strait the gate. Born in 1918, he was a member of the royal family of the Thembu clan of the Xhosa people. In complete secrecy, Mandela held scores of meetings with Kobie Coetsee, then justice minister, and later Niel Barnard, then head of intelligence. Then, knowing that he faced the scaffold, Mandela looked directly at the judge. Anti-Apartheid Movement and Civil Disobedience, mandela became actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement, joining the African National Congress in 1942.
After Mandelas release from prison, he negotiated with President.W. In 1952 he was chosen as the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as his deputy. Where did Nelson Mandela grow up? Mandela was given the same status and responsibilities as the regent's two other children, his son and oldest child, Justice, and daughter Nomafu. On the day of Mandelas death, Zuma released a statement speaking to Mandela's legacy: "Wherever we are in the country, wherever we are in the world, let us reaffirm his vision of a society.